Standards für nachhaltige Stoffe

Wir arbeiten gerade an einem Überblick über unterschiedliche Standards für nachhaltige Stoffe. Die Übersicht soll dabei helfen, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede sowie Stärken und Schwächen der einzelnen Standards und Ansatzpunkte zur Verbesserung aufzuzeigen.

Wenn Sie nach den konkreten Standards bzw. Mindestanforderungen für Stoffe, die auf interloom verkauft werden, suchen, dann gehen Sie bitte zu Unsere Mindestanforderungen für Stoffe.

Die Übersicht ist im Moment leider nur auf Englisch erhältlich.

Fibers GMOs Chemicals Energy Water Wages Working conditions Health „End-Of-Life“
2-organic-eu-regulation
certified organic natural fibers
prohibited (spot tests)
no chemical use in fiber cultivation
partly biodegradable
2-fairtrade-certified-cotton-logo
fairtrade certified cotton
prohibited (but no tests)
living wages for farmers, national legal minimum wages for workers
ILO
partly biodegradable
Global Organic Textile Standard GOTS Logo
certified organic natural fibers +
≤ 30 % non organic fibres, a maximum of 10% synthetic fibres
prohibited (spot tests)
list of prohibited inputs + Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
disclose energy use
disclose water use + waste water treatment
national legal minimum wages
ILO
residue testing
partly biodegradable
2-ivn-best-naturtextil-logo
certified organic natural fibers
prohibited (spot tests)
list of prohibited inputs
disclose energy use
waste water treatment
national legal minimum wages
ILO
residue testing
partly biodegradable
2-cradle-to-cradle-c2c-basic-logo
natural and man-made fibers complying with the C2C material health criteria
materials complying with the C2C material health criteria
disclose energy use and source
disclose and assess all materials used
disclose a plan how to use materials as biological or technical nutrient
2-cradle-to-cradle-c2c-silver-logo
natural and man-made fibers complying with the C2C material health criteria
materials complying with the C2C material health criteria
disclose energy use and source + strategy to switch to renewable energy
disclose water flows
disclose ethical goals
disclose and assess all materials used
disclose a plan how to use materials as biological or technical nutrient + nutrient (re)utilization score >= 50
2-cradle-to-cradle-c2c-gold-logo
natural and man-made fibers complying with the C2C material health criteria
materials complying with the C2C material health criteria
50% renewable energy in manufacturing
water conservation measures
beginn self-assessment or third-party verification in terms of wages
begin assessment
disclose and assess all materials used
disclose a plan how to use materials as biological or technical nutrient + nutrient (re)utilization score >= 65
2-cradle-to-cradle-c2c-platinum-logo.jpg
natural and man-made fibers complying with the C2C material health criteria
materials complying with the C2C material health criteria
100% renewable energy in manufacturing + 50% renewable energy along supply chain
water conservation measures and innovative measures to improve discharge water quality
beginn self-assessment or third-party verification in terms of wages
third party assessment (cp. ILO)
50% of materials with little or no risk
using materials as biological or technical nutrients for new products of equal or higher value + nutrient (re)utilization score >= 80
Global Recycle Standard GRS Logo n.a.
disclose chemical use
disclose energy use
disclose water use + waste water treatment
national legal minimum wages
ILO

Worth knowing and discussing:

Organic cotton:

  • Organic cotton does only mean that the fibers are certified organic. The whole further production is generally conventional if not labelled as GOTS or other.

Organic:

  • The term organic may only be used for natural fibers such as, for example, cotton or wool. It cannot be used for recycled fibers.

Fairtrade cotton

  • Fairtrade cotton does not mean that the workers receive fair wages. The fairtrade standards only apply to the farmers. The further production chain does only need to work according the ILO standard.
  • GM cotton seed is not allowed but it is not tested.
  • The fairtrade label is only available for cotton, not for silk, hemp, linen and other fibers.
  • Fairtrade cotton is often organic, but does not have to be organic.

GOTS:

  • GOTS is given for different production steps. Often „only“ GOTS-certified yarn is used but the further production steps (e.g. weaving unit, traders) are not GOTS-certified. In this case the final product may not be GOTS-certified.
  • In order to use the GOTS-label on the final product, your manufacturing units have to be GOTS-certified, too.
  • GOTS-certified units are inspected once a year.
  • The GOTS label may only be used for products made of natural fibers, not for recycled fibers.

IVN

  • The IVN standard is slightly higher than the GOTS-standard.
  • GOTS-certified units are inspected once a year.
  • The IVN label may only be used for products made of natural fibers, not recycled fibers.

GRS

  • The GRS does not mean that the fabric can be recycled but it is made of recycled fibers.
  • The GRS allows recycled fibers certified by third-partys or governments according to private or government standards such as the SCS Recycled Content Certification or the Greenmark program.
  • It is differentiated between pre-consumer and post-consumer recycling.
  • All entities along the supply chain have to be certified according to GRS.
  • Transaction certificates are used to certify the products.
  • The products are not tested for health.

C2C

  • There are four very different levels of C2C.
  • The C2C standard may be used for natural as well as recycled fibers.

ILO main criteria:

  • No child labor
  • No forced labor
  • Health and safety
  • Freedom of association and collective bargaining
  • No discrimination
  • No harassment
  • No excessive working hours
  • Compensation

Multiple certificates

  • It is possible to have one product certified according to multiple standards.
  • An example is a fabric made of organic AND fairtrade certified cotton AND being GOTS certified
  • The more certificates a product has, the more standards the product complies with, but also the more costly it become.

What is important from your point of view? We constantly try to improve this overview and are thankful to all comments, suggestions, ideas. So please feel free to start the conversation and leave a comment below!

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